The prostate gland, also known as the prostate gland, is one of the most important organs in men, and has a significant influence on the functioning of the genitourinary system. Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland that can be acute or chronic. Acute prostatitis is an inflammatory disease, accompanied by purulent lesions of the gland.
It is characterized by impaired erectile function and fertility, urinary problems and pain. Because the disease is so common, all men of reproductive age and older are advised to familiarize themselves with its symptoms. Signs of acute prostatitis in a patient are reason to contact a urologist as soon as possible.
Causes of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis is an infectious disease that affects all men over the age of 30. Prostatitis can also occur due to a blockage in the gland, but this is typical for patients in adulthood, namely over 50-60 years of age.
Various microorganisms can cause the inflammatory process: bacteria, fungi, protozoa. The most common pathogens are the following microorganisms:
- tuberculosis bacilli;
- fungi of the genus Candida, v. v.
Infection can occur in different ways, in most cases prostatitis occurs against the background of urethritis, cystitis. Pathogenic microorganisms enter the gland from adjacent tissues and cause inflammation. In addition, the infection can spread through the bloodstream with tonsillitis, sinusitis, and even tooth decay.
Naturally, not every patient with subsequent caries or urethritis develops acute prostatitis. There are several provoking factors that increase the risk of inflammatory processes in the prostate gland:
- passive lifestyle;
- avitaminosis, monotonous nutrition;
- weak immunity;
- interruption of sex, a rare sex life;
- excessive sexual activity;
- alcohol abuse and smoking;
- varicose veins of the small pelvis;
- chronic constipation;
- Chronic overwork, lack of sleep, stress.
If a man leads an unhealthy lifestyle, then the likelihood of the occurrence of any inflammatory processes increases significantly, because the weakened body is unable to fight infections on its own.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis in men is divided into several stages:
- catarrhal - mucosal damage;
- cyst - damage to the cysts in the lobules of the prostate gland with the accumulation of pus;
- parenchymal - multiple lesions of the prostatic lobes with multiple compression;
- Abscess - the formation of a wide abscess.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis will depend on the stage of the disease. The more neglected the case, the more pronounced the symptoms and the higher the risk of complications.
Acute catarrhal prostatitis is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- pain in the perineum;
- frequent urination;
- slight increase in body temperature.
Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- dull pain, but quite pronounced and spreading to the penis, anus;
- possible urinary retention, characteristic intense cramps when urinating;
- constipation due to painful bowel movements;
- high body temperature, signs of intoxication;
- Urine may be cloudy.
Signs of acute parenchymal prostatitis and prostate abscess:
- Severe throbbing pain that radiates to the rectum, penis, lower back, and perineum.
- Constipation, abdominal distension.
- Urinary retention.
- Very high temperature 39-39. 5 degrees.
- Nausea, headache, weakness, loss of appetite, chills.
Prostatitis is a very dangerous disease. Prostate abscess is accompanied by amalgamation of abscesses into a whole with the possibility of breaking into the rectum, urethra, scrotum or perineum. If measures are not taken during this stage of the disease, sepsis and death.
Treatment of acute prostatitis in men with drugs
Treatment of acute prostatitis is complex, but the basic is antibacterial, antigenic, antifungal, and antiviral drugs. The choice of drug is made by the doctor after examining the patient, depending on the type of pathogen that has been identified.
It is worth noting that antibiotics are always prescribed, even if prostatitis is not caused by bacteria, because with such pathology there is a risk of bacterial infection with subsequent recurrence.
For the treatment of acute prostatitis in men, different classes of antibiotics are used, in particular, penicillins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, cephalosporins, less often tetracyclines.
You need to understand that it is very difficult to choose an antibiotic on your own without being a medical professional. If the wrong drug and treatment regimen is chosen, the patient will only be sick for a while, and the bacteria will develop immunity to the drug. As a result, the treatment of acute prostatitis will be delayed and another course of antibiotics will be required, which is highly undesirable, since all drugs have side effects.
In the treatment of acute prostatitis, the patient must adhere to a bed rest regimen. In the early stages of the disease, outpatient treatment is possible if the patient is cared for. When debilitated, hospitalization is required.
If urinary retention is present, a urinary catheter will be inserted. With the formation of an abscess, an opening and cleaning of the gland from pus is made, drainage is established. After stopping the acute process, physiotherapy, oral vitamins and immunomodulatory drugs are indicated.
Folk remedies for acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis is not a disease that should be treated with folk remedies, especially without the knowledge of a doctor. If the patient decides to open up the bacterial infection, the bacteria will begin to multiply more rapidly, leading to the formation of an abscess and the need for surgery.
A number of folk recipes can be used to strengthen immunity in general, but only with the permission of a doctor and in complex therapy. Examples of such funds:
- Rosehip decoction to saturate the body with vitamins and antioxidants;
- Chamomile tea helps soothe, sleep well, in addition, chamomile also has a mild anti-inflammatory effect.
- The use of fresh vegetable and fruit juices to activate the immune system.
The healers during the treatment of acute prostatitis recommend eating light and low-fat foods so as not to burden the patient's body. The use of spicy, salty, and sweet increases the pain caused by the excretory system being stimulated.
Because acute prostatitis causes constipation, you need to eat a lot of fresh fruits, they contain fiber, which thins the stool. At the same time, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of flour products, cereals, especially rice, products containing a lot of starch.
Consequences of acute prostatitis in men
Acute prostatitis is a very dangerous disease that can cause a number of serious complications. Even when a patient starts treatment at an early stage of the disease, there is always a risk of chronic prostatitis. Especially if a man continues to lead an unhealthy lifestyle.
Running forms of acute prostatitis cause the following complications:
- Prostate abscess opens abscess, blood poisoning and death. Such a pathology may require prostatectomy.
- Hardening of the prostate gland, i. e. the formation of scars against the background of a prolonged inflammatory process. It leads to the fact that the route in general stops working.
- Stones in the prostate cause a blockage in the gland.
- Prostate cyst. It causes an increase in the body, it can tear.
- Inflammatory processes of the seminal vesicles, inflammation of the seminal vesicles, result in the formation of adhesions in the vas deferens.
- Impotence and other types of erectile dysfunction.
Complications can be avoided by taking preventive measures.
Prevention of acute prostatitis in men
To prevent acute prostatitis, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- eat a varied diet, try to eat healthy food;
- give up alcohol, drugs and smoking;
- dress according to the weather, not too cold and not too hot;
- strengthen immunity;
- avoid spontaneous sex, protect yourself with condoms;
- have a regular sex life, but avoid excessive sexual activity;
- To avoid stagnant processes in the small pelvis, exercise every day, lead an active lifestyle;
- do not take antibiotics and other drugs without a doctor's prescription;
- undergo an annual examination by a urologist.
A healthy lifestyle and appropriate behavior are the best prevention for most acquired diseases, especially those of an infectious nature.
Acute prostatitis is a terrible disease. If you not only want to maintain your manhood for the next few years but also do not suffer from chronic pain and difficulty urinating, you should think of measures to prevent acute prostatitis from a young age. And if there is pelvic pain, remember to go to the doctor and undergo the treatment prescribed by the doctor.